Colored stripes evoke the totality of Americans in a bar chart format, suggesting measurement against a standard. The bar colors repeat cyclically in a wave, suggesting that issues of justice are often not settled, but repeat throughout history and are periodically re-addressed.

The underlying flag suggests an American standard for justice, but one which is subservient to the needs of the people.


Justice is elusive. When justice is “served”, not all agree that it was served in a way that was inherently fair and in line with American ideals. We see justice issues repeatedly addressed and readdressed. As Americans we seem at a loss to get justice “right” in a way which is satisfying. And what type of justice do we believe is available, or possible for all: fairness?; equality?; retribution?; restoration?  In viewing this painting I want people to consider their own commitment to American justice.